APS Sutherland: Joseph Banks Native Plants Reserve Virtual Tour

19 - Banksias throughout the Reserve

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Banksia serrata (Old Man Banksia, Wattung-Urree or Saw-tooth Banksia)

Banksias contribute to the distinctive character of our bush, as they are found only in Australasia. Banksias produce large, spectacular flower spikes called inflorescences. Each spike contains many tightly-packed individual flowers which attract nectar-feeding birds.

As the flowers die, the spikes develop into woody cones which conceal the seeds. Often fire is needed to release the seeds. Some local species can survive fire by regrowing from a woody lignotuber at the base of the plant.

The Banksia genus, with over 75 species, is named after botanist Sir Joseph Banks who collected specimens of many plants including banksias when he visited Botany Bay with Captain James Cook in 1770.

Pictured right is the Banksia serrata (Old Man Banksia, Wattung-Urree or Saw-tooth Banksia).